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  • La carte de nature des fonds du site Natura 2000 en mer des Roches de Penmarc'h a été réalisée dans le cadre du programme Interreg MeshAtlantic et constitue la première étape de l'élaboration de la carte des habitats subtidaux du site. Ce jeu de données provient de l'interprétation et l'interpolation des acquisitions intertidales et subtidales ayant eu lieu sur le site de Penmarc'h entre 2011 et 2012. Ont participé à l'élaboration de ce produit : - Stevenn Lamarche (coord.), (Ifremer - Applications Géomatiques) - Jacques Populus (Ifremer - Applications Géomatiques) - Anthony Doré (MNHN SPN - Station de Biologie Marine de Concarneau) - Fabrice Pluquet (HOCER) - Anouar Hamdi (Géomaticien) - Eliot Besson (Stagiaire)

  • Cette carte des peuplements benthiques subtidaux du secteur Trégor-Goëlo est le résultat du traitement, de l'analyse et de l'agrégation des données des campagnes REBENT 10 et 11 (2006), HALIOTREGOR (2008) et IFR-NEOMYSIS (2011). Deux sources croisées d'acquisition des données ont été employées : un système acoustique embarqué (sondeur multifaisceaux) et remorqué (sonar à balayage latéral), permettant de définir des premières classes de signatures acoustiques, correspondant à des unités morpho-sédimentaires, complétées par des campagnes de prélèvements à la benne (échantillons sédimentaires biologiques) et des profils vidéo.

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    Confidence in the classification of the EUNIS v 2019 habitat types in the EUSeaMap (2021) broad-scale predictive habitat map. Values are 1 (low confidence), 2 (moderate confidence) or 3 (high confidence). The final habitat type is classified by overlaying several layers of information; these layers of information are collectively known as 'habitat descriptors'. Habitat descriptors differ per region but include: Biological zone Energy class Oxygen regime Salinity regime Seabed substrate Riverine input The confidence in the classification of the habitat type is taken as the minimum of the confidence in all of the relevant habitat descriptors at that location. Confidence values are also available for each habitat descriptor and input data layer. Detailed information on the modelling process is found in the EMODnet Seabed Habitats technical reports and its appendices (links in Resources). Created by the EMODnet Seabed Habitats project consortium. Credit: Licensed under CC-BY 4.0 from the European Marine Observation and Data Network (EMODnet) Seabed Habitats initiative (www.emodnet-seabedhabitats.eu), funded by the European Commission. It is important to note that a habitat type confidence score is only relevant to that particular level of the classification system.

  • Categories  

    Confidence in the classification of the Marine Strategy Framework Directive (MSFD) Benthic Broad Habitat Types (V. 2017) in the EUSeaMap (2021) broad-scale predictive habitat map. Values are 1 (low confidence), 2 (moderate confidence) or 3 (high confidence). The final habitat type is classified by overlaying several layers of information; these layers of information are collectively known as 'habitat descriptors'. Habitat descriptors differ per region but include: Biological zone Energy class Oxygen regime Salinity regime Seabed substrate Riverine input The confidence in the classification of the habitat type is taken as the minimum of the confidence in all of the relevant habitat descriptors at that location. Confidence values are also available for each habitat descriptor and input data layer. Detailed information on the modelling process is found in the EMODnet Seabed Habitats technical reports and appendices (links in Resources). A link to the correlation table between MSFD Benthic Broad Habitat types* and the EUSeaMap 2016 biozone and substrate types is available in Resources. *Marine Strategy Framework Directive Benthic Broad Habitat Types (V. 2017) are defined in: COMMISSION DECISION (EU) 2017/848 of 17 May 2017 Created by the EMODnet Seabed Habitats project consortium. Credit: Licensed under CC-BY 4.0 from the European Marine Observation and Data Network (EMODnet) Seabed Habitats initiative (www.emodnet-seabedhabitats.eu), funded by the European Commission.

  • This map covers both the intertidal zone and subtidal zones of the study sites. It is made from high resolution remote sensing data - both acoustic and optical - from various surveys carried out over the period 2008 to 2013 of various types: (i) multibeam echosounder (MBES), side scan sonar (SSS), RoxAnn acoustic ground discrimination system (AGDS), (ii) ortho-photography (the “Ortholittorale survey” from 2000), (iii) topographic and bathymetric lidar . It was complemented by (i) underwater video,(ii) sediment and biological grab samples, (iii) ground truth data from surveys in the tidal and infralittoral zone using GPS, annotations and photography.The habitat classification was a synthesis of the main habitat classifications, namely:Generic habitats from the Habitat Directive (EUR 27), Elementary habitats from the French Cahiers d’habitats, The Rebent classificationand EUNIS level 4 as much as possible. Map scale is in the range of 1:20000, with local improvements to 1:10000.

  • This layer is a predictive EUNIS seabed habitat map for the Canary Islands. It was performed within the framework of EMODnet Phase 2 Thematic Lot n° 3 (aka EUSeaMap2). It is a preliminary version which will be refined during the course of the project. The layer was created using two pre-processed input datasets: substrate and biological zone. The seabed substrate type layer was a compendium of historical maps (Emodnet phase 2 Geology lot first release + Datasets from Instituto Español de Oceanografía). The biological zones layer, available in this catalog under the title 'Biological zones of the Canary Islands and Madeira archipelago', was modeled thanks to layers of bathymetry and light attenuation. The map follows the EUNIS 2007-11 classification system supplemented by additional categories in deep sea areas (Howell et al., 2010). The map does not include the intertidal zone. The study followed the methodology developped within the EUSeaMap project (EMODnet phase 1). For more details about the methodology see EUSeaMap final report (Cameron and Askew, 2011) or Coltman et al., 2008. For more details about the current map see EUSeaMap2 interim report (EMODnet Thematic Lot n° 3, 2014) Cameron, A., Askew, N. (eds.), 2011. EUSeaMap - Preparatory Action for development and assessment of a European broad-scale seabed habitat map final report. URL: http://jncc.gov.uk/euseamap Coltman, N., Golding, N., Verling, E., 2008. Developing a broadscale predictive EUNIS habitat map for the MESH study area. 16 pp. URL: http://www.searchmesh.net/pdf/MESH%20EUNIS%20model.pdf. EMODnet Thematic Lot n° 3, 2014. EMODnet Phase 2 - Annual (interim) report. Reporting Period: Sept. 2013 to Aug. 2014. URL: http://www.emodnet-seabedhabitats.eu/pdf/20140909_euseamap2_year1_report.pdf Howell, K.L., 2010. A benthic classification system to aid in the implementation of marine protected area networks in the deep/high seas of the NE Atlantic. Biological Conservation 143, 1041–1056.

  • This layer is a predictive EUNIS seabed habitat map for the Adriatic Sea. It was performed within the framework of EMODnet Phase 2 Thematic Lot n° 3 (aka EUSeaMap2). It is a preliminary version which will be refined during the course of the project. The layer was created using two pre-processed input datasets: substrate and biological zone. The seabed substrate type layer was a compendium of historical maps (Emodnet phase 2 Geology lot first release + IBCM map). The biological zones layer, available in this catalog under the title 'Biological zones of the Adriatic Sea', was modeled thanks to layers of bathymetry and light attenuation. The map follows the EUNIS 2007-11 classification system. It does not include the intertidal zone. The study followed the methodology developped within the EUSeaMap project (EMODnet phase 1). For more details about the methodology see EUSeaMap final report (Cameron and Askew, 2011) or Coltman et al., 2008. For more details about the current map see EUSeaMap2 interim report (EMODnet Thematic Lot n° 3, 2014) Cameron, A., Askew, N. (eds.), 2011. EUSeaMap - Preparatory Action for development and assessment of a European broad-scale seabed habitat map final report. URL: http://jncc.gov.uk/euseamap Coltman, N., Golding, N., Verling, E., 2008. Developing a broadscale predictive EUNIS habitat map for the MESH study area. 16 pp. URL: http://www.searchmesh.net/pdf/MESH%20EUNIS%20model.pdf. EMODnet Thematic Lot n° 3, 2014. EMODnet Phase 2 - Annual (interim) report. Reporting Period: Sept. 2013 to Aug. 2014. URL: http://www.emodnet-seabedhabitats.eu/pdf/20140909_euseamap2_year1_report.pdf

  • This map mostly results from the interpolation in gaps between surrounding maps. In places the rugosity derived from bathymetric data (soundings from hydrographic minutes and hydrographic lidar) enabled the interpreter to infer rocky seabed presence. In shallowest places aerial photography was also used to retrieve rocky seabed, distinguished from similar-looking Zostera beds owing to a historic Zostera bed inventory available to the project. The habitat classification was a synthesis of the main habitat classifications, namely: Generic habitats from the Habitat Directive (EUR 27), Elementary habitats from the French Cahiers d’habitats, The Rebent classificationand EUNIS level 4 as much as possible.

  • This layer is a model of the biological zones of the Adriatic Sea. It was performed within the framework of EMODnet Phase 2 Thematic Lot n° 3 (aka EUSeaMap2). It is a preliminary version which will be refined during the course of the project. This layer was modelled with the use of base layers that were the seabed substrate type (obtained from EMODnet phase 2 Geology lot, June 2014 release), the bathymetry (EMODnet phase 1 Hydrography lot) and the kdpar (bespoke computed layer) The biological zones boundaries were defined in the following way. - Infralittoral lower limit: limit at which the percentage of light reaching the seabed is 1%. The percentage of light layer was calculated by intersecting the kdpar and the bathymetry layers. For more details about this calculation see e.g. Cameron and Askew (2011). - Circalittoral lower limit: break of slope due to the entrance into the continental slope. This limit was digitalized with the use of the bathymetry layer - Bathyal lower limit: break of slope due to the entrance into the abyssal plain. This limit was digitalized with the use of the bathymetry layer In a western area for which the seabed substrated type is influenced by the Pô river, different rules were used for the definition infralittoral and circalittoral zones. Where the substrate is muddy (i.e. mud or sandy mud) and/or the seabed is deeper than 20 meters then the biological zone was said to be circalittoral. Elsewhere it was defined as infralittoral. For more details about the current layer see EUSeaMap first year report (EMODnet Thematic Lot n° 3, 2014) Cameron, A., Askew, N. (eds.), 2011. EUSeaMap - Preparatory Action for development and assessment of a European broad-scale seabed habitat map final report. URL: http://jncc.gov.uk/euseamap EMODnet Thematic Lot n° 3, 2014. EMODnet Phase 2 - Annual (interim) report. Reporting Period: Sept. 2013 to Aug. 2014. URL: http://www.emodnet-seabedhabitats.eu/pdf/20140909_euseamap2_year1_report.pdf

  • This layer is a model of the biological zones of the Canary Islands and Madeira archipelago. It was performed within the framework of EMODnet Phase 2 Thematic Lot n° 3 (aka EUSeaMap2). It is a preliminary version which will be refined during the course of the project. This layer was modelled with the use of base layers that were the bathymetry (Gebco_08) and the kdpar (bespoke computed layer) The biological zones boundaries were defined in the following way. - Infralittoral lower limit: limit at which the percentage of light reaching the seabed is 1%. The percentage of light layer was calculated by intersecting the kdpar and the bathymetry layers. For more details about this calculation see e.g. Cameron and Askew (2011). - Circalittoral lower limit: depth 80m - Deep circalittoral lower limit: depth 200m - Upper slope lower limit: depth 750m - Upper bathyal lower limit: depth 1100m - Mid bathyal lower limit: depth 1800m - Lower bathyal lower limit: depth 2700m Deep biological zones (from upper slope to abyssal) were chosen according to the classification proposed by Howell (2010). For more details about the current layer see EUSeaMap first year report (EMODnet Thematic Lot n° 3, 2014) Cameron, A., Askew, N. (eds.), 2011. EUSeaMap - Preparatory Action for development and assessment of a European broad-scale seabed habitat map final report. URL: http://jncc.gov.uk/euseamap EMODnet Thematic Lot n° 3, 2014. EMODnet Phase 2 - Annual (interim) report. Reporting Period: Sept. 2013 to Aug. 2014. URL: http://www.emodnet-seabedhabitats.eu/pdf/20140909_euseamap2_year1_report.pdf Howell, K.L., 2010. A benthic classification system to aid in the implementation of marine protected area networks in the deep/high seas of the NE Atlantic. Biological Conservation 143, 1041–1056.