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  • Confidence in kinetic energy due to current values, produced by EMODnet Seabed Habitats for the 2016 EUSeaMap broad-scale predictive habitat maps. Values are on a range from 1 (Low confidence) to 3 (High confidence). The confidence assessment considered factors such as: • Quality of training data and methods used to construct the model. • Temporal resolution. • Spatial resolution Detailed information on the confidence assessment in Populus J. et al 2017. EUSeaMap, a European broad-scale seabed habitat map. Ifremer. http://doi.org/10.13155/49975

  • Data holdings of individual habitat maps in European waters. Data are collated by EMODnet Seabed Habitats partners from a variety of source datasets and conformed and standardised into the portal's INSPIRE-compliant schema (for more information, please see https://emodnet-seabedhabitats.eu/def . Habitats are described in a variety of classification systems, including EUNIS (European Nature Information System), Habitats Directive Annex I and local/other classification systems. Ownership of the individual maps is retained by the original owners, for more information please see the individual metadata record tied to the map, which can be seen in the query response. Maps are available individually through EMODnet Seabed Habitats' "maplibrary" OGC service endpoints: For WMS (view) access to maps, please use https://ows.emodnet-seabedhabitats.eu/emodnet_view_maplibrary/wms? For WFS (download) access to open maps, please use https://ows.emodnet-seabedhabitats.eu/emodnet_open_maplibrary/wfs?

  • Confidence in kinetic energy due to currents values, produced by EMODnet Seabed Habitats for the 2016 EUSeaMap broad-scale predictive habitat maps. Values are on a range from 1 (Low confidence) to 3 (High confidence). Detailed information on the confidence assessment in Populus J. et al 2017. EUSeaMap, a European broad-scale seabed habitat map. Ifremer. http://doi.org/10.13155/49975

  • This layer shows the current known extent of Live Hard Coral in European waters, collated by EMODnet Seabed Habitats. Lophelia pertusa and Coral gardens are both on the OSPAR List of threatened and/or declining species and habitats. The relevant habitats were extracted from the library of maps on the EMODnet Seabed Habitats portal and collated into one standardised shapefile. This data product should be considered a work in progress and is not an official product.

  • Output of the 2016 EUSeaMap broad-scale predictive model, produced by EMODnet Seabed Habitats and aggregated into the Benthic Broad Habitat Types of the Marine Strategy Framework Directive (as defined in the Commission Decision 17 May 2017). The extent of the mapped area includes the Mediterranean Sea, Black Sea, Baltic Sea, and areas of the North Eastern Atlantic extending from the Canary Islands in the south to Norway and Iceland in the North. The map was produced using a "top-down" modelling approach using classified habitat descriptors to determine a final output habitat. Habitat descriptors differ per region but include: Biological zone Energy class Oxygen regime Salinity regime Seabed Substrate Riverine input Habitat descriptors (excepting Substrate) are calculated using underlying physical data and thresholds derived from statistical analyses or expert judgement on known conditions. The model is produced in Arc Model Builder (10.1). For more information on the modelling process please read the EMODnet Seabed Habitats Technical report (See Online Resources) The model was created using raster input layers with a cell size of 0.002dd (roughly 250 meters). The model includes the sublittoral zone only; due to the high variability of the littoral zone, a lack of detailed substrate data and the resolution of the model, it is difficult to predict littoral habitats at this scale. For details on methodology see: Populus J. And Vasquez M. (Eds), 2017. EUSeaMap, a European broad-scale seabed habitat map. Ifremer Available from: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00388/49975/

  • Composite data holdings of habitat point data from groundtruthing data in European waters. Data are collated by EMODnet Seabed Habitats partners from a variety of source datasets and conformed and standardised into the portal's Darwin-core compliant schema. Habitats are described in a variety of classification systems, including EUNIS (European Nature Information System), Habitats Directive Annex I, Marine Strategy Framework Directive Benthic Broad Habitats, Regional sea conventions (HELCOM HUB, OSPAR) and local classifcation systems. Sampling methods are standardised to NERC vocabulary server P01 parameters or ICES vocabulary concepts where possible.

  • Oxygen regime class layer in the Black Sea produced by EMODnet Seabed Habitats as an input layer for the 2019 EUSeaMap broad-scale habitat model. The map of oxygen regime classes was produced using underlying potential density anomaly at the seabed and thresholds derived from statistical analyses or expert judgement on known conditions. Detailed information on the modelling process for the 2016 is found in the EMODnet Seabed Habitats technical report and its appendices (Populus et al, 2017, link in Resources). We are working on an updated report for the 2019 version.

  • Confidence in the depth to seabed, produced by EMODnet Seabed Habitats for the 2016 EUSeaMap broad-scale predictive habitat maps. Values are on a range from 1 (Low confidence) to 3 (High confidence). The EMODnet Bathymetry project was the source of the depth to the seabed dataset (a digital elevation model (DEM). The project also produced a ‘quality indicator’ based on data relative age, relative sampling effort and number of soundings. The quality indicator scores were categorised into "high", "moderate" and "low" confidence. Detailed information on the confidence assessment is in Populus J. et al 2017. EUSeaMap, a European broad-scale seabed habitat map. Ifremer. http://doi.org/10.13155/49975

  • Classified seabed substrate types (Polygon layer) for European seas. Produced by EMODnet Seabed Habitats as an input layer for the 2016 EUSeaMap broad-scale habitat model and re-used for EUSeaMap 2019, based on EMODnet Geology seabed substrate products. The extent of the mapped area includes the Mediterranean Sea, Black Sea, Baltic Sea, and areas of the North Eastern Atlantic extending from the Canary Islands in the south to Norway in the North. The layer of seabed substrate was produced using data from EMODnet geology 1:250.000 and 1:1M seabed substrate maps, and integrated with extra substrate feature relevant for habitat mapping (seagrass beds, for example). The Folk 5 classification of substrate is adopted because it is compatible with the EUNIS classification of habitats used in EUSeaMap 2016. For details on methodology see Section 2 of: Populus J. et al 2017. EUSeaMap, a European broad-scale seabed habitat map. Ifremer. http://doi.org/10.13155/49975

  • Energy class layer produced by EMODnet Seabed Habitats as an input layer for the 2019 EUSeaMap broad-scale habitat model. The extent of the mapped area includes the Baltic Sea, and areas of the North Eastern Atlantic and Arctic extending from the Canary Islands in the south to Norway in the North. The map of energy classes was produced using underlying wave and current data and thresholds derived from statistical analyses or expert judgement on known conditions. Detailed information on the modelling process for the 2016 is found in the EMODnet Seabed Habitats technical report and its appendices (Populus et al, 2017, link in Resources). We are working on an updated report for the 2019 version.