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  • Predictive Biological Zone layer produced by EMODnet Seabed Habitats as an input layer for the 2019 EUSeaMap broad-scale habitat model. The extent of the mapped area includes the Mediterranean Sea, Black Sea, Baltic Sea, and areas of the North Eastern Atlantic extending from the Canary Islands in the south to the Barents Sea in the North. The map of biological zone was produced using underlying physical data and thresholds derived from statistical analyses or expert judgement on known conditions. The model is produced in R and Arc Model Builder (10.1). The model was created using raster input layers with a cell size of 0.00104dd (roughly 100 meters). The model includes the sublittoral zone only (Infralittoral to Abyssal zone). Detailed information on the modelling process for the 2016 is found in the EMODnet Seabed Habitats technical report and its appendices (Populus et al, 2017, link in Resources). We are working on an updated report for the 2019 version.

  • Classified seabed substrate types (Polygon layer) for European seas. Produced by EMODnet Seabed Habitats as an input layer for the 2016 EUSeaMap broad-scale habitat model and re-used for EUSeaMap 2019, based on EMODnet Geology seabed substrate products. The extent of the mapped area includes the Mediterranean Sea, Black Sea, Baltic Sea, and areas of the North Eastern Atlantic extending from the Canary Islands in the south to Norway in the North. The layer of seabed substrate was produced using data from EMODnet geology 1:250.000 and 1:1M seabed substrate maps, and integrated with extra substrate feature relevant for habitat mapping (seagrass beds, for example). The Folk 5 classification of substrate is adopted because it is compatible with the EUNIS classification of habitats used in EUSeaMap 2016. For details on methodology see Section 2 of: Populus J. et al 2017. EUSeaMap, a European broad-scale seabed habitat map. Ifremer. http://doi.org/10.13155/49975

  • Confidence in the below halocline probability layer, produced by DHI, for the EUSeaMap 2019 broad-scale habitat model. Values are on a range from 1 (Low confidence) to 3 (High confidence). Salinity data acquired from DHI hydrographic Model MIKE III (3D baroclinic model for free surface flow), with a resolution of a 5.5 km. Detailed information is found in the EMODnet Seabed Habitats technical report: Populus J. et al 2017. EUSeaMap, a European broad-scale seabed habitat map. Ifremer. http://doi.org/10.13155/49975

  • Secchi disk depth ratio layer produced by EMODnet Seabed Habitats as an input layer for the 2016 EUSeaMap broad-scale habitat model. The extent of the mapped area includes Baltic Sea. The Secchi disk depth ratio was calculated from Secchi disk depth and depth to the seabed variables. Detailed information on the modelling process is found in the EMODnet Seabed Habitats technical report and its appendices (Populus et al, 2017, link in Resources).

  • Output of the 2016 EUSeaMap broad-scale predictive model, produced by EMODnet Seabed Habitats and aggregated into the Benthic Broad Habitat Types of the Marine Strategy Framework Directive (as defined in the Commission Decision 17 May 2017). The extent of the mapped area includes the Mediterranean Sea, Black Sea, Baltic Sea, and areas of the North Eastern Atlantic extending from the Canary Islands in the south to Norway and Iceland in the North. The map was produced using a "top-down" modelling approach using classified habitat descriptors to determine a final output habitat. Habitat descriptors differ per region but include: Biological zone Energy class Oxygen regime Salinity regime Seabed Substrate Riverine input Habitat descriptors (excepting Substrate) are calculated using underlying physical data and thresholds derived from statistical analyses or expert judgement on known conditions. The model is produced in Arc Model Builder (10.1). For more information on the modelling process please read the EMODnet Seabed Habitats Technical report (See Online Resources) The model was created using raster input layers with a cell size of 0.002dd (roughly 250 meters). The model includes the sublittoral zone only; due to the high variability of the littoral zone, a lack of detailed substrate data and the resolution of the model, it is difficult to predict littoral habitats at this scale. For details on methodology see: Populus J. And Vasquez M. (Eds), 2017. EUSeaMap, a European broad-scale seabed habitat map. Ifremer Available from: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00388/49975/

  • Below halocline probability layer in the Baltic Sea and Kattegat strait in the North Sea/Baltic Sea., Produced by DHI as an input layer for the EUSeaMap 2019 broad-scale habitat model. Data acquired from DHI hydrographic Model MIKE III (3D baroclinic model for free surface flow), with a resolution of a 5.5 km. Detailed information is found in the EMODnet Seabed Habitats technical report: Populus J. et al 2017. EUSeaMap, a European broad-scale seabed habitat map. Ifremer. http://doi.org/10.13155/49975

  • Areas of high riverine inputs for EUSeaMap 2016 Biological zone model. The map cover the Adriatic Sea(Po river plume), east Mediterranean (Thessaloniki gulf and bay, the Maliakos gulf, and Geras gulf in the Aegean Sea) and the Black Sea (Dnieper-Bug river plume area). These are were handled separately in the EUSeaMap 2016 modelling process. This layer is one of several habitat descriptors used to model biological zone and habitat class. To establish the limit of these areas datasets on salinity and water temperature were used, where possible. Detailed information available in Section 2 of: Populus J. et al 2017. EUSeaMap, a European broad-scale seabed habitat map. Ifremer. http://doi.org/10.13155/49975

  • Wave exposure index at the surface in the Baltic Sea and part of the North Sea (Kattegat strait). Produced by Aquabiota as an input layer for the EUSeaMap broad-scale habitat models. Data acquired from Aquabiota fetch based model with a spatial resolution of a 25m, model run for the period 2002-2007. Detailed information is found in the EMODnet Seabed Habitats technical report: Populus J. et al 2017. EUSeaMap, a European broad-scale seabed habitat map. Ifremer. http://doi.org/10.13155/49975

  • Energy class layer produced by EMODnet Seabed Habitats as an input layer for the 2016 EUSeaMap broad-scale habitat model. The extent of the mapped area includes the Baltic Sea, and areas of the North Eastern Atlantic and Arctic extending from the Canary Islands in the south to Norway in the North. The map of energy classes was produced using underlying wave and current data and thresholds derived from statistical analyses or expert judgement on known conditions. Detailed information on the modelling process is found in the EMODnet Seabed Habitats technical report and its appendices (Populus et al, 2017, link in Resources).

  • Oxygen regime class layer in the Black Sea produced by EMODnet Seabed Habitats as an input layer for the 2019 EUSeaMap broad-scale habitat model. The map of oxygen regime classes was produced using underlying potential density anomaly at the seabed and thresholds derived from statistical analyses or expert judgement on known conditions. Detailed information on the modelling process for the 2016 is found in the EMODnet Seabed Habitats technical report and its appendices (Populus et al, 2017, link in Resources). We are working on an updated report for the 2019 version.