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Oceanographic geographical features

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  • An important task undertaken this year was to define sub-regional areas of the ICES greater North Sea eco-region. The sub-regional areas correspond to meaningful eco-logical units whose boundaries are defined by strong gradients in their physical oceanography, such as changes in depth, sediment transport, salinity, oxygen and currents. The four sub-regions of the ICES greater North Sea eco-region are; i. North-ern North Sea, ii. Southern North Sea, iii. Skagerrak and Kattegat, and iv. English Channel

  • Confidence in kinetic energy due to currents at the seabed in the Mediterranean. Values are on a range from 1 (Low confidence) to 3 (High confidence). The confidence assessment considered factors such as: • Quality of training data and methods used to construct the model. • Temporal resolution. • Spatial resolution Detailed information on the confidence assessment in Populus J. et al 2017. EUSeaMap, a European broad-scale seabed habitat map. Ifremer. http://doi.org/10.13155/49975

  • Kinetic energy due to waves at the seabed in Macaronesia, mean of annual 90th percentile values between 2016 and 2018 - Created using the CMEMS GLOBAL_ANALYSIS_FORECAST_WAV_001_027 3-hourly products, postprocessed to evaluate energy at 1m from the seabed. 1/12 degree horizontal resolution Created by the EMODnet Seabed Habitats project consortium using E.U. Copernicus Marine Service Information.

  • 90th percentile Kinetic Energy due to currents at the seabed in the North East Atlantic Sea, Norwegian Shelf, Greater North Sea and Celtic Seas in N m2/s - Created for the EMODnet Seabed Habitats broad-scale habitat map (EUSeaMap 2016). This dataset is a raster composite of the outputs of several models, created for display in the EMODnet Seabed Habitats portal. North Sea and Celtic Seas (year 2001): a composite created by ABPmer of NOC POLCOMS CS20 (1.8km resolution); NOC POLCOMS CS3 (10km (2007) and NOC POLCOMS North East Atlantic. Iberian peninsula and Northern Spain: MOHID-PCOMS model archives run by Maretec (Mateus et al., 2012) with 4 km resolution, (3 years climatology). Azores: MOHID-PCOMS model archives run by University of the Azores with 4 km resolution, (3 years climatology). Norway (years 2008-2010): NORKYST800 (IMR, Albretsen et al. 2011) 800m resolution.

  • Average density at the seabottom in the Black Sea - Created using the CMEMS salinity reanalysis dataset (SV04-BS-CMCC-SAL-REAN-M) of the BLKSEA_REANALYSIS_PHYS_007_004 product and monthly potential temperature at the seabottom, postprocessed to evaluate the salinity at the seabottom and using the (linearised) equation of state to evaluate seabottom density. 1/36 x 1/27 degree (3 km) resolution. Created by the EMODnet Seabed Habitats project consortium using E.U. Copernicus Marine Service Information.

  • 90th percentile Kinetic Energy due to currents at the seabed in the Mediterranean Sea and Black Sea in N m2/s - Created for the EMODnet Seabed Habitats broad-scale habitat map (EUSeaMap 2016). This dataset is a raster composite of the outputs of several models, produced for display in the EMODnet Seabed Habitats. In the Black sea the data was derived from the Copernicus CMEMS project archives, the model resolution is 10km and it was run for the years 1971-1984; 1990-2001. In the Mediterranean Sea the data was derived from the Copernicus CMEMS project (resolution 7 km; years 1999-2011). In the Adriatic Sea the data was derived from the Tessa project archives (resolution 2.2 km, years: 2011-2014). Each dataset is available separately.

  • Confidence in kinetic energy due to currents at the seabed in Norway - Created by the EMODnet Seabed Habitats project consortium from data derived from Institute for Marine Research, Norway. Values are on a range from 1 (Low confidence) to 3 (High confidence). The confidence assessment considered factors such as: • Quality of training data and methods used to construct the model. • Temporal resolution. • Spatial resolution Detailed information on the confidence assessment in Populus J. et al 2017. EUSeaMap, a European broad-scale seabed habitat map. Ifremer. http://doi.org/10.13155/49975

  • Kinetic energy due to waves at the seabed in the Black Sea, mean of annual 90th percentile values between 2016 and 2018 - Created using the ISPRA Mc-WAF operational tool, designed to merge different scales for the generation and propagation of the wave energy in the Mediterranean and Black Sea. 1/128 degree horizontal resolution. Created by the EMODnet Seabed Habitats project consortium using the ISPRA Mc-WAF operational tool.

  • Confidence in kinetic energy due to currents at the seabed in the Iberian peninsula, created by the EMODnet Seabed Habitats project consortium using E.U. Copernicus Marine Service Information. Values are on a range from 1 (Low confidence) to 3 (High confidence). The confidence assessment considered factors such as: • Quality of training data and methods used to construct the model. • Temporal resolution. • Spatial resolution Detailed information on the confidence assessment in Populus J. et al 2017. EUSeaMap, a European broad-scale seabed habitat map. Ifremer. http://doi.org/10.13155/49975

  • 90th percentile Kinetic Energy due to waves at the seabed in the North East Atlantic Sea, Greater North Sea and Celtic Seas in N m2/s - Created for the EMODnet Seabed Habitats broad-scale habitat map (EUSeaMap 2016). This dataset is a raster composite of the outputs of several models, created for display in the EMODnet Seabed Habitats portal. North Sea and Celtic Seas offshore (>6km from coast): NOC ProWAM model with a resolution of 12.5 km offshore run for a period of 5 years (2000-2005); North Sea and Celtic Seas inshore (<6km from coast): DHI MIKE21 Spectral wave model with a resolution of 100-300m run for a period of 5 years (2000-2005); French coasts: the data is derived from the French Previmer archives for the years 2000 to 2004, at a resolution of 250m; Bay of Biscay, inc. northern Spain and Southern Irish Sea: the data is derived from Ifremer's IOWAGA project hindcast archives (Roland and Ardhuin, 2014) using the WAVEWATCH III™ model (Tolman, 2009), run for a period of 5 years (2000-2005), the resolution is 300 m inshore, 3 km offshore. Iberian peninsula and Azores: WAVEWATCH III™ model (Tolman, 2009) run for 3 years with 4 km resolution